March 18, 2009

Mavic Cabrera Balleza



2. Recommendations from the 1325 thematic sessions & break-out groups   

3. Liberia Launches its 1325 National Action Plan

4. Women Peace Builders’ Community of Practice Meets at the Colloquium



A Call to Action on UNSCR 1325 on Women Peace and Security was adopted at the culminating event of the International Colloquium on Women’s Empowerment, Leadership Development and International Peace and Security held in Monrovia, Liberia on March 9-10, 2009. Co-convened by President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf of Liberia and President Tarja Halonen of Finland (see IWTC’s Women’s Globalnet #349 and #350), the colloquium brought together more than 1,000 participants, including heads of state and high-level government officials, youth, academics, NGOs, representatives of the UN and other intergovernmental organizations. The Call to Action sets forth recommendations intended to accelerate UNSCR 1325 implementation and uses the 2010 Ministerial Review Conference of Resolution 1325 as its time frame for accountability and action.  Key recommendations include:


On Peace Keeping Operations

  • The UN Security Council should require all troop contributing countries to increase the number of female civilian and military personnel in peacekeeping missions.
  • More women must be appointed to serve as Special Representatives and Deputy Special Representatives.
  • The UN should recognize and develop strategies to address the complex legal issues relating to the obligations of peacekeepers in relation to custody, maintenance, transfer and citizenship of children born during conflict and displacement.


On Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration, Resettlement and Repatriation

  • Recognize local communities as leaders in DDRRR processes. Women should be involved in every aspect of the DDRRR.
  • Declare systematic rape and sexual violence in conflict a weapon of war that needs to be part of the disarmament process.  Thus, if rape and sexual violence continues, reintegration compensation should not be processed.


On National Level Implementation of UNSCR 1325

  • Member States must strengthen the capacities of their national gender machineries to take an active role in the full and effective implementation of the UNSCR 1325.


On Women at the Peace Table

  • The UNSG must nominate a gender adviser to UN mediation teams and demand that all parties in negotiation have women in their delegations and ensure that peace agreements are gender responsive.


On the UN Secretary-General’s Reports

  • The UN Secretary-General’s report on UNSCR 1325 must reflect the voices of women in local communities. Women’s groups and NGOs advocating for women’s participation in all aspects of peace building and conflict resolution must be fully consulted during UNSC missions.


The Colloquium participants mandated President Halonen and President Sirleaf to call on the UN Security Council, the President of the UN General Assembly and the UN Secretary General to:

  • Adopt a General Assembly Resolution calling on all Member States to fully and effectively implement UNSCR 1325 National Action Plans with a definite budget line amongst other measures;
  • Create a permanent working group on women and armed conflict within the Security Council to enforce UNSCR 1325;
  • Appoint a Special Representative of the Secretary General for Women and Armed Conflict;  and
  • Present the implementation of these recommendations at the 2010 Ministerial Review Conference of Resolution 1325.


The full copy of the Call to Action on UNSCR 1325 is available here: [English]  [French]  [Spanish]


2. Recommendations from the 1325 thematic sessions and break-out groups   

Complementing the official 1325 Call for Action, are recommendations emerging from the 1325 thematic sessions and break out groups which include the following:

  • Establish mobile courts and paralegal teams at the community level. 
  • Security sector reform should involve not only the police, military and judiciary but also women in local communities. 
  • Continue awareness-raising on UNSCR 1325 using local languages and all forms of media.
  • Strengthen women’s organizations especially those who work in conflict-affected communities.


3. Liberia Launches its 1325 National Action Plan

On March 9, President Sirleaf officially launched the UNSCR 1325 National Action Plan for Liberia. More than seven months in the making, a Steering Committee chaired by the Ministry of Gender, UN-INSTRAW and UNMIL Office of the Gender Adviser and representatives from other governmental institutions, UN agencies and civil society organizations led the drafting of the plan.  The Liberian National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 also incorporates some of the components of UNSCR 1820 on sexual violence.


To find out more about the Liberian national action plan, go to: http://www.un-instraw.org/en/gps/general/implementing-resolution-1325-in-liberia.html


4. Women Peace Builders’ Community of Practice Meets at the Colloquium

Women’s groups from Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Liberia, the Netherlands, Uganda and Zimbabwe met in Liberia on March 9, 2009 to form the Women Peace Builders’ Community of Practice (WPBCoP).    


The WPBCoP brings together women’s groups and NGOs working towards the full and effective implementation of UNSCRs 1325 and 1820. It aims to unite the initiatives and engagements of women’s peace advocacy groups and find synergy in their initiatives so as to increase their outreach, accentuate the multiplier effect and enhance their collective impact.


The WPBCoP discussed a number of issues including its structure, involvement of men, the responsibilities of the coordinators, funding, communication and collective action on the 10th anniversary of Resolution 1325. The meeting participants all agreed that the WPBCoP will have a light structure with only one coordinator or focal point at the international, regional and country levels and that the work of each coordinator should build on what their respective organizations are already doing. They also emphasized that members of the WPBCoP should be supporting each other with regards to fundraising. They noted that scarce funding has resulted into competition among women’s organizations and NGOs. 


The meeting participants agreed on the broad plan of collective lobbying during the UN High-Level Ministerial Review Conference of Resolution 1325 in October 2010.


For additional information on the Women Peace Builders’ Community of Practice, contact: Mavic Cabrera-Balleza at: mavic@iwtc.org



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